Cognition and Learning - Children who find learning, thinking and understanding harder than most other pupils. Some of the things children with these difficulties might find difficult are:
- Take longer to learn important skills.
- Find it difficult to remember things such as the important words for reading and times tables.
- Find it hard to understand how to use letter sounds to read and spell words.
- May need more time to think about their answers.
Communication and Interaction - Children who find it difficult with interacting with the people and world around them. Some of the things children with these difficulties might find difficult are:
- Talking to other adults and or other children, especially when in a group.
- Talking about a topic they haven't chosen to talk about.
- Making friends or keeping friends for a long time.
- Following rules made by someone else.
- Dealing with noises, smells or other sensations around them.
- Understanding what other people mean when they are talking.
- Getting equipment and books organised - especially homework.
- Any change to the normal routine.
Social, emotional and mental health difficulties - Children who find it difficult to manage their emotions and behaviour in a way that affects their daily life. Some of the things children with these difficulties might find difficult are:
- Following rules set by others.
- Sitting still for very long.
- Listening to and following instructions.
- Understanding how they are feeling.
- Making friends.
- Dealing with their difficulties in a way that does not cause harm to themselves or others.
- Taking responsibility for the things they do.
Sensory and/or physical needs - Children who have a disability that may make it difficult for them to manage their everyday life without changes to the environment or support. This may be because of hearing or visual difficulties, physical disabilities or other medical needs. Some of the things children with these difficulties might find difficult are:
- Hearing what others in the classroom or school setting are saying.
- Reading words on books, worksheets or whiteboards that are not made bigger or changed to help them.
- Moving around without the aid of a walking aid or wheelchair.
- Using pencils, scissors, knives and forks and other things that we need to use without changes or support.
- Taking medication without adults helping them.